In response to requests for resources, education materials and advice on education on breastfeeding for Māori, NZBA provides a kete of resources, Te Whāriki, to support health professionals, consumers and others. Scroll down to find them at the end of this section.
Mauri ora ki a tatau katoa,
Te Rōpu Whakaruruhau, te rōpu Māori tohutohu i a NZBA mo ngā take Māori. I te wā tuatahi nei, i panuitia ana, ko ngā rauemi kua whakawātea mai ā “Te Whāriki”.
Ko te Whāriki, he wāhi tirohanga mātauranga Māori, mo te whānau, mo ngā kaimahi hauora, mo te kaupapa whangai ū.
Good health to us all, Te Rōpu Whakaruruhau, the Māori advisory group to NZBA wish to bring to the attention of whānau and the health sector "Te Whāriki" a Māori health education resource site supporting breastfeeding.
These resources are free to use. Please provide any feedback, questions and ideas to Carmen Timu-Parata - firstname.lastname@example.org or 027 773 2233.
Te Tiriti ō Waitangi
The Treaty of Waitangi/Te Tiriti ō Waitangi as the founding document of Aotearoa New Zealand expressed as a partnership between the indigenous Māori people of Aotearoa New Zealand and the Crown. Māori entered into that agreement with the British to advance their aspirations, affirm their tino rangatiratanga/self-determination and ensure equity (Came and Tudor, 2016).
Article 2 relates to the protection of Māori tāonga/treasures - health is a treasure.
Article 3 outlines that Māori receive the same rights as English subjects - this means health status.
NZBA recognises its obligations with regard to the Treaty of Waitangi/Te Tiriti ō Waitangi and the principles of the Treaty are demonstrated by the way NZBA practises as an effective treaty partner by:
- Partnership: Identifying hapū/iwi breastfeeding aspirations and addressing inequities to further improve breastfeeding rates in Aotearoa New Zealand.
- Participation: Working alongside Māori with decision making, planning, development and implementation of the Baby Friendly Initiatives.
- Protection: Ensuring that Māori traditional breastfeeding practices are protected.
The revision of the Baby Friendly Aotearoa Programme to align the revised Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding (2018) has a strong focus on improving breastfeeding rates for Māori. The audit process incorporates the NZBA's policy on Māori Responsiveness (March 2018).
E ngā mana, e ngā reo, E ngā karangatanga maha tena koutou
Whakataka te hau ki te uru
Whakataka te hau ki te tonga
Kia makinakina ki uta
Kia mataratara ki tai
Kia hi ake aua te atakura
He tio he huka he hauhu
Te iwi e tau nei tenei ra
Tena koutou, tena koutou, tena koutou katoa
An important focus for the health and disability sector is to address inequity in Māori health status. Māori aspirations are to lead and fulfil their potential to participate in our society. However, the root causes of health inequalities are yet to be fully recognised and rectified. It is imperative that the health sector is challenged to address Māori health issues and that together we can all play an important role in influencing health policy and practice to better meet the needs of Māori.
NZBA is committed to meeting its responsibilities under the Treaty of Waitangi/Te Tiriti ō Waitangi, and its broader legal obligations in being more responsible and effective for Māori.
Indigenous Māori are entitled to enjoy the same health status as all other New Zealanders. Despite this, the evidence increasingly shows that Māori are disproportionately over represented in low breastfeeding rates. NZBA has a role within the health system to influence these outcomes and we are committed to our Māori health strategy. It is within this context of the Māori concept of Whai Wahitanga we offer this Māori cultural education kit.
Its main goals are to:-
- enhance the cultural competency of staff and associated health professionals to improve breastfeeding outcomes for whānau Māori.
- increase maternity facility and community services responsiveness to the diverse needs of Māori women and their whānau.
Rāranga: weaving the Māori resource
We have used the metaphor of weaving/raranga to view the knowledge and resources from a Māori perspective.
The development of these resources can be likened to weaving a whāriki (a finely woven traditional mat). The process of weaving is called rāranga. Providing Māori resources refers to the weaving together of different strands of knowledge.
Rāranga was a symbol of wellbeing for whānau, hapū and iwi. Te Ao Māori (the traditional society) was a woven culture. Local hapū attached great importance to their "pa harakeke" (flax cultivations) for use in the family units. This fundamental important resource enabled the provision of clothing, shelter and housing materials for successive generations.
According to the metaphor used in this resource, harakeke symbolises the various sources of information gathered.
Te Whāriki is the result of collaborative work undertaken by NZBA and Te Rōpu Whakaruruhau, the Māori advisory board. The purpose of Te Whāriki is to gather a range of educational material to one point of access. This includes links to powerpoints, research articles, reflective activity sheets and other Māori resources that can enhance your work.
Puna Wai Ū
For facilities that complete their fourth Baby Friendly accreditaiton a special kohatu/Ōamaru stone carving is sourced from the Ūkaipo, the bosom of Papatūānuku, or the Earth Mother. It is named Puna Wai ū and it represents whanau (mother and child). The white colour Ōamaru of the stone correlates with the white creamy colour of breastmilk. It demonstrates purity and the rich nutrients that make up the baby’s prime food.
The two fern fronds entwine with each other. Baby is usually placed on mother’s chest close after birth/kiri ki te kiri, her baby is listening to her heart beat, searching, latching and suckling at the breast for the first feed. The baby has once again become “one” with the environment.
In the traditional Māori creation story Hine-ahu-one is the first woman and is the placenta of Papatuanuku/Mother Earth. She is seen as the sacred house of people and of ALL nations.
Her silver hair is the pinnacle and represents the encyclopaedia of knowledge. She provides shelter and she is an educator of ALL future generations. She is the fountain of life giving BREASTMILK Wai U. A nutritional spring source that will never run dry!
Kia U, Kia Mau, Kia ita – Grasp onto all that is good!
Watch Carmen Timu-Parata and Henare Edwards explain the significance of the kohatu/Ōamaru stone carving.
Te Whāriki Resources
3. Returning to our unsettled dust: Non Māori systems, policies and people impact on Māori health outcomes and how this affects breastfeeding
This video was presented at the BFHI training day by Kelly Dorgan
- What are the three learnings that you can identify from viewing this presentation that you could use to improve Māori whānau experiences in your workplace
- Ask a peer to give some feedback on your engagement with Māori women and their whānau
- Identify and reflect on three aspects that can be improved in your approach to working with Māori
- Reflect on five barriers that would need to be overcome in your work area if you were to implement Māori responsiveness
- Develop five strategies to overcome the barriers
- Share your findings with a peer
Kiri Rikihana talks about how collaboration is helping improve health equity in a new Ministry of Health video.