The New Zealand Breastfeeding Alliance (NZBA) would like to keep you informed on the latest research associated with infant feeding. Below is an up-to-date list of research from around the world, covering various health issues and interest areas.

Baby Friendly Initiatives


Patterson JA, Keuler NS, Olson BH. The effect of Baby-friendly status on exclusive breastfeeding in U.S. hospitals. Matern Child Nutr. 2018 Feb 7. doi: 10.1111/mcn.12589.

WHO, 2017.  Protecting, promoting and supporting breastfeeding in facilities providing maternity and newborn services.  WHO Headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland.

Spaeth A, Zemp E, Merten S et al.  2017.  Baby Friendly Hospital designation has a sustained impact on continued breastfeeding.  Maternal & Child Nutrition.

WHO.  2017.  National Implementation of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative.  WHO Headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland. Please note: on page 9 there is an image of a baby lying prone asleep. World-wide accepted research (1990’s)  tells us this has been  contraindicated and risky for babies.

WHO.  2017.  Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative Congress.  October 24-26, 2016.  WHO Headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland.


A Joint Statement from the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition and the Committee on Toxicity of Chemicals in food, Consumer products and the Environment.  2017.  Assessing the health benefits and risks of the introduction of peanut and hen's egg into the infant diet before six months of age in the UK.

Breastfeeding, Cows' Milk & Allergy:  A guide for parents.  2017.  Allergy Today (Winter) 12-15.

Breastfeeding Protects against Current Asthma up to six years of age. Silvers KM, Frampton CM, Wickens K et al on behalf of the New Zealand Asthma and Allergy Cohort Study Group (2012) The Journal of Pediatrics.
Available online 30 January 2012. DOI:10.1016/j.jpeds.2011.11.055

ABM Clinical Protocol #24: Allergic Proctocolitis in the Exclusively Breastfed Infant. Breastfeeding Medicine: 2011 Dec; 6:435-40

Breastfeeding and asthma and allergies:  a systematic review and meta-analysis.  Lodge CJ, Tan DJ, Lau MXZ et al.  Acta Paediatrica.  2015 pp 38-53.

Breastfeeding and asthma: Where are we? Cohen RT, Celedón JC. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2011 Nov; 39 (6):315-7.

Breastfeeding and Childhood Asthma:  Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.  Dogaru C, Nyffenegger D, Pescatore A et al.  Am J Epidemiol.  2104 May 15; 179(10):  1153-67.

Breastfeeding and maternal diet in atopic dermatitis. Lien TY, Goldman RD. Can Fam Physician. 2011 Dec; 57 (12):1403-5

Breastfeeding, asthma, and allergy: A tale of two cities. Brew BK, Kull I, Garden F, Almqvist C, Bergström A, Lind T, Webb K, Wickman M, Marks GB. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2011 Dec 4.

Breastfeeding and timing of first dietary introduction in relation to childhood asthma, allergies and airway diseases:  a cross-sectional study.  Chen Huang, Wei Lui, Jiao Cai et al.  The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.  Jan 2013 Vol 131(1):  78-86.

Duration and exclusiveness of breastfeeding and childhood asthma-related symptoms. Sonnenschein-van der Voort AM, Jaddoe VW, van der Valk RJ, Willemsen SP, Hofman A, Moll HA, de Jongste JC, Duijts L. Eur Respir J. 2012 Jan; 39 (1):81-9.

Food allergy and atopic dermatitis: How are they connected? Heratizadeh A, Wichmann K, Werfel T. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2011 Aug; 11 (4):284-91

Infant nutrition and allergy. Mišak Z. Proc Nutr Soc. 2011 Nov; 70 (4):465-71

Perinatal programming of asthma: The role of gut microbiota. Azad MB, Kozyrskyj AL. Clin Dev Immunol. 2012; 2012:932072. Epub 2011 Nov 3.

Systematic review and meta-analysis investigating breastfeeding and childhood wheezing illness. Brew BK, Allen CW, Toelle BG, Marks GB. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2011 Nov; 25 (6):507-18.


Xu et al.  2017.  Systematic review with meta-analysis:  breastfeeding and the risk of Crohn's dis

Forster D, Moorhead A, Jacobs S et al.  2017.  Advising women with diabetes in pregnancy to express breast milk in late pregnancy (Diabetes and Antenatal Milk Expressing (DAME)):  a multicentre, unblinded, randomised controlled trial.  The Lancet Vol 389, no 10085, p2204-2213.

Jordan S, Na R, Johnatty S et al.  June 2017.  Breastfeeding and Endometrial Cancer Risk:  An analysis from the epidemiology of endometrial cancer consortium.  Obstetrics & Gynecology: 129(6):  1059-1067.

Infant feeding in areas of Zika virus transmission.  2016.  WHO

Association between reproductive factors and breast cancer in an urban set up at central India: A case-control study. Lodha R, Joshi A, Paul D, Lodha KM, Nahar N, Shrivastava A, Bhagat VK, Nandeshwar S. Indian J Cancer. 2011 Jul-Sep; 48 (3):303-7

A survey of infection control practices for influenza in mother and newborn units in US hospitals. Gupta M, Pursley DM. Am J Obstet Gynaecol. 2011 Jun; 204 (6 Suppl 1):S77-83.

Autism rates associated with nutrition and the WIC Program. Shamberger RJ. J Am Coll Nutr. 2011 Oct; 30 (5):348-53

Breastfeeding--anti-viral potential and relevance to the influenza virus pandemic. Prameela KK. Med J Malaysia. 2011 Jun; 66 (2):166-9.

Breastfeeding can prevent hospitalization for pneumonia among children under 1 year old. Boccolini CS, de Carvalho ML, de Oliveira MI, Boccolini Pde Mccolini CS, de Carvalho ML, de Oliveira MI, Boccolini Pde M. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2011 Sep-Oct; 87 (5):399-404.


Updates on HIV and Infant Feeding Guidelines, WHO, 2016

Early Infant Diagnosis: A New Tool of HIV Diagnosis in Children. Jain KK, Mahajan RK, Shevkani M, Kumar P. Indian J Community Med. 2011 Apr; 36 (2):139-42.

Environmental Toxins

Occurrence and relevance to health of persistent organic substances and phthalates in breast milk. Fromme H, Raab U, Fürst P, Vieth B, Völkel W, Albrecht M, Schwegler U. Gesundheitswesen. 2011 Jan; 73 (1):e27-43.


Brimdyr K and Cadwell K et al.  2017.  An implementation algorithm to improve skin-to-skin practice in the first hour after birth.  Matern Chil Nutr. e12571.

Kalmakoff S, Gray A and Baddock S.  2017.  Predictors of supplementation for breastfed babies in a Baby-Friendly hospital.  Women Birth, Sep 6 pii: S1971-5192(17):  30215-9.

Brown A.  2016.  What do women really want?  Lessons for breastfeeding promotion and education.  Breastfeeding Medicine Vol 11(3):  102-110.

WABA & LLLI.  Joint Statement on Breastfeeding and Mental Health.  April 2017.

Chen et al.  Association between infant feeding modes and gastroesophageal reflux:  a repeated measurement analysis of the Infant Feeding Practices Study II.  2017.  Journal of Human Lactation.

Charpak N, Tessier R, Ruiz JG et al.  Twenty-year follow-up of kangaroo care versus traditional care. Pediatrics 139(1):  January 2017: e20162063

Hagg DG, Glazer Peres K.  Dec 2016.  Breastfeeding and Oral health:  Information for Dental Practitioners.  Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health.  The University of Adelaide.

Godbout, J et al.  2016.  Factors associated with infant feeding choices in the adolescent population.  Journal of Human Lactation, doi 10.1177/0890334416662629

Heidarzadeh M, Hakimi S, Habibelahi A et al.  Comparison of breast crawl between infants delivered by vaginal delivery and Caesarean section.  Breastfeeding Medicine July 2016, 11(6):  305-308

Mastitis Is Associated with Increased Free Fatty Acids, Somatic Cell Count, and Interleukin-8 Concentrations in Human Milk. Hunt KM, Williams JE, Shafii B, Hunt MK, Behre R, Ting R, McGuire MK, McGuire MA. Breastfeeding Medicine, Fast Track articles (January 2012) Abstract

The Use of Human Milk in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: Practices in Belgium and Luxembourg.

Cossey V, Johansson A, de Halleux V, Vanhole C. Breastfeeding Medicine, Fast Track articles (January 2012) Abstract

Breastfeeding & Pharmacology

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine and Academy for Breastfeeding Medicine.  April 2017.  Practice Advisory on Codeine and Tramadol for Breastfeeding Women.

The International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes

WHO.  2017 Update.  The International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes:  Frequently Asked Questions.

Complementary Foods

Brown A, Rowan H, Wyn Jones S.  June 2017.  Does spoon-feeding really make babies overweight?

Anderson J.  June 2016.  Confused about introducing solids?

Fangupo LJ, Heath A-L, Williams S et al.  2016.  A Baby-Led Approach to Eating Solids and Risk of ChokingPediatrics.

Breastfeeding:  Policy & Health Outcomes

The Save the Children Fund.  2018.  Don't Push It:  Why the formula milk industry must clean up its act.  Save the Children:  London.

Ministry of Health.  June 2017.  Children and Young People Living Well and Staying Well.  New Zealand Childhood Programme Baseline Report 2016/17.  Ministry of Health:  Wellington

Cochrane Pregnancy & Childbirth Group and Cochrane Neonatal Group.  Cochrane Library Special Collection on the systematic review of breastfeeding.  February 2017.

Bartick MC, Schwarz EB, Green BD et al.  Suboptimal breastfeeding in the United States:  Maternal and pediatric health outcomesMaternal & Child Nutrition.  19 September 2016.

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